Anxiety is the feeling you have when you think that something unpleasant is going to happen in the future. Other words such as feeling ‘apprehensive’,
‘uncertain’, ‘nervous’ and ‘on edge’ also provide a good description of feelings linked to anxiety.
This is completely normal and something that all human beings experience from time to time, when faced with situations that are difficult or threatening.
depression or work related stress diagnosed everyLabour force survey 2015
2.1 minutes Labour force
Almost 1 in 5 UK adults have symptoms of anxiety and depressionFundamental Facts About Mental Health 2015
Only 7.3% of mental health research funds are spent on anxiety per yearUK Mental Health Research Funding 2015
Stress is the top health and safety concern in UK workplacesTrades Union Congress Survey 2016
The word is often used to cover a broad range of experiences and is linked with emotions such as fear and worry. In fact, ‘fear’ and ‘anxiety’ are almost interchangeable terms.
This can at times be a helpful emotion, as it can help you to prepare for events ahead as well as improving your performance. However, anxiety can become so severe and intense at times that it becomes debilitating and starts to restrict daily routine and life as a whole. In essence, at this point, what you experience has got out of proportion and you end up feeling much more anxious than you would expect someone else to be in your circumstances. At this point, you can be said to be suffering from an anxiety disorder. There are many different anxiety disorders (phobias, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – OCD – panic attacks, etc) that all have anxiety symptoms at their core.
This is an emotion like anger and sadness. Anxiety (sometimes referred to as stress, nerves or fear), plays an important role in the normal functioning of the body; without it we would not be able to function.
Indeed anxiety can be a helpful emotion as it can prepare us for future events as well as improving our performance.
However, when anxiety becomes so severe, intense, disproportionate or overwhelming that it starts to restrict daily routine and life as a whole, it is then anything but helpful and can be disabling and life changing.
When this point is reached, those affected can be said to be living with an ‘anxiety disorder’ of which there are many different types including: panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Despite the numerous forms of anxiety disorder, all have elements in common including physical, psychological and behavioural responses.
The release of adrenaline that is triggered by anxiety also causes psychological symptoms that affect thoughts and feelings. In addition to preparing the body for physical action, adrenaline also motivates people psychologically by prompting specific patterns of thinking. These psychological effects can be seen as what people think, feel and say to themselves when anxious.
Below is a list of common thoughts and feelings experienced by people when anxious:
- Feeling frightened and panicky
- Worrying about losing control/going mad
- Worrying that they might die
- Worrying that they might have a heart attack/
be sick/faint/ have some other illness
- Feeling that people are looking at them
and are observing their anxiety
- Feeling generally as if things are speeding up
- Feeling detached from their environment and
the people in it
- Feeling like wanting to run away/escape from
the situation and the people in it
- Generally feeling on edge
- Clock watching
Many of the above thoughts could be summarised as ‘What If’ thoughts. What if this happens? What if I do this? . . .